For most parents, their little one turning 1 year old is a major growth milestone, especially since it initiates the transformation of the child from a baby to a toddler. Quite naturally, as the baby continues to grow, his/her nutrition needs and eating habits also change and it becomes essential to introduce new foods in their dietary routine to make it well balanced. The one thing that parents need to bear in mind is that their baby’s tummy is still quite small and hence their healthy breakfast diet should be planned with more focus on frequent feeding through small portions rather than over-feeding them at meal times. However, before creating the 1 year old eating schedule diet, it is important for the parents to be aware of some other aspects about the diet of their 1 year old.
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How much diet is enough for the baby?
While preparing the diet plan, it is important for the parents to be aware of the amount of food that their baby should consume. In general, a 1 year old baby needs around 900 -1,000 calories per day and these should ideally be supplied from the basic food groups. It is also important to remember that this is the right time to introduce the baby to different textures and flavours of the food in a gradual manner.
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What are the nutrition needs of the baby?
Parents should also have an understanding of the type of nutrients that should form a part of 1 year old eating schedule. It is essential that the child has a balanced diet that offers him/her plenty of vitamins and proteins. The kids also need to consume cholesterol and other dietary fats in large quantities for their normal growth and development. In addition, it is also important to ensure that the baby gets enough minerals such as iron, calcium, and folate etc, through the foods that they eat as a part of their healthy breakfast diet plan.
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Do’s and don’ts of feeding the child
The first thing for parents to understand is that their baby is now old enough to try the foods that are generally eaten by adults. Be it vegetables, fruits, meat, chicken, eggs, milk or even healthy snacks, the young toddlers can have it all, albeit in very small quantities. It is also a good idea to boost the fat content in the foods by topping each meal with a decent sprinkling of healthy oils or oily foods. The parents also need to understand that their child might not like every food in the diet schedule. In fact most of the times, the baby might simply refuse to take any more than just one or two mouthfuls of the food. In such cases, it is advisable for the parents to help the baby to gradually develop the taste for the food by slowly increasing the quantity they eat.
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Diet Schedule Ideas
Right from the breakfast for one year old toddler to its dinner, every meal is essential for a growing bay and should be planned keeping the following facts in mind.
1 year old kids generally sleep for more than 12 hours which makes them extremely hungry after they wake up. But rather than starting the day directly with breakfast, it is a good idea to let them have a cup of whole cream milk.
Breakfast is undoubtedly one of the most essential meals of the day and parents should make sure that they provide a healthy breakfast to their one year old. They should try to include whole grain cereals, or even breads and vegetables in the breakfast along with milk.
As mentioned before it is important to feed the child small meals at frequent intervals. So after accessing the time gap between breakfast and lunch, parents should settle on a time for the child to have their mid-morning meal or snack. This meal should not be too heavy and preferably should contain fruits and any other healthy yet light snacks.
For lunch the parents can choose the food that they have prepared for their own consumption. The only thing to bear in mind is that the portions meant for their baby should be cooked somewhat more so that it is relatively softer and easier to chew and digest. Items like rice, vegetables, dal etc can be easily given to the kids for lunch.
Mid Evening Snack
The mid evening snack should be similar to the mid morning one in terms of health factor and lightness. Parents can opt for semi-liquid diets such as shakes or even serve a helping of boiled egg or chicken to the kids as a part of this meal.
The dinner should comprise of foods that are light and easy to digest but also provide them with wholesome nutrients. It is advisable to avoid giving curd and other acidic foods to the baby as part of the dinner and focus more on foods which are light yet filling.